Impact of Car’s Weight on its Performance

Last updated on : 17 Apr 2024
2 min read

Various factors contribute to a car's functionality, with engine power, specifications and body design taking the forefront. However, one often overlooked factor that significantly influences the driving experience is the weight of the car. This article delves into the different types of car weight and examines their impact on vehicle performance.

Exploring Vehicle Weights

Vehicle Weight Variation

Car weights differ based on factors like model years, vehicle type, and the materials used. For example, electric cars are typically heavier due to the substantial batteries, while SUVs and pickup trucks carry more weight with larger engines and drivetrains.

Types of Car Weight

a. Kerb Weight:

Definition: Measured when the vehicle is stationary, including essential fluids but excluding passengers and cargo.

Variations: Unladen Weight (fluids, empty tank) and Dry Weight (without fuel and fluids).

b. Gross Vehicle Weight (GVW):

Comprises kerb weight, driver, passengers, and luggage. Used to determine a vehicle’s maximum payload capacity.

c. Payload:

Includes the weight of the driver, passengers, cargo, and towed components.

d. Gross Vehicle Weight Rating (GVWR):

Specifies the maximum load capacity a vehicle can carry safely

e. Maximum Loaded Trailer Weight:

Determines the maximum load when towing a fully loaded trailer.

f. Gross Axle Weight and Gross Axle Weight Rating:

Define the weight on front and rear axles, with ratings indicating the maximum load capacity.

Finding Car Weight

Methods include referring to the owner’s manual, checking the driver-side door sticker, using a car scale, or contacting the manufacturer with relevant details.

Frequently Asked Questions 

Small to medium cars range from 1000 kg to 1700 kg, while larger vehicles can exceed 2000 kg, offering enhanced performance.

Typically falls between 1900 to 2000 kg, subject to factors like materials, body type, and size.


Understanding the intricacies of car weight is crucial for comparing vehicles, whether used or new. From braking and acceleration to fuel efficiency, the weight of a car significantly influences its overall performance. This knowledge empowers consumers to make informed decisions based on their specific needs and preferences.

Disclaimer: Shory aims to present accurate and up to date information, however we take no responsibility or liability for any errors or omissions in the content.